Dachshunds are some of the most popular dogs in America, according to the American Kennel Club. In fact, they rank in at number 12 out of 197 on the AKC’s list of the United States’ favorite pups.
It’s easy to understand why the moment you see one of these quirky dogs. But there’s more to the Dachshund than meets the eye. In fact, did you know that the Dachshund comes in three different coat varieties?
Many of us are familiar with the smooth haired and even the wire-hair Dachshund, but today’s article isn’t about those two. Today, we’re covering one of the most popular known coat varieties.
That’s right, folks. Today is dedicated to talking about the long haired Dachshund!
An Overview Of The Long Haired Dachshund
The long haired Dachshund is the same dog as the Dachshund. He just has a longer coat!
The Long Haired Dachshund is a dog of German heritage, which isn’t surprising when you consider his very German sounding name. Also known as a weiner dog, Doxie, or sausage dog, the Dachshund quickly grew in popularity due to his amazing appearance once he reached the States.
But before he became a funny-looking side-kick here in America, the Dachshund was once used as a serious working breed. In fact, in German “Dachshund” actually translates to badger dog. So don’t be fooled by the Dachshund’s tiny size and sweet temperament.
These dogs were actually bred hunting dogs designed to chase after the fearsome badger and dig him out of his den. Yikes!
In spite of this, the long haired Dachshund continues to be a family favorite, beloved for his fun-loving personality and funny disposition.
So, what is a long-haired Dachdund’s breed standard? Let’s take a look.
Coat Varieties: Three
Size Varieties: Two
Standard Height and Weight: 8 – 9 Inches, 16 – 32 Pounds
Miniature Height and Weight: 5 – 6 Inches, Under 11 Pounds
Temperament: Outgoing, Curious, Spunky, Comedic, Hard-Headed
Coat Type: Long, smooth, wavey
Health Issues: Spinal issues including Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVVD)
And chondrodysplasia, dental disease, Cushing’s Disease, obesity, cancer, heart issues, eye issues including cataracts, glaucoma and dry eye, hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE), gastroenteritis and Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia
Lifespan: 12 – 16 Years
Clubs That Recognize The Long Haired Dachshund:
- The American Kennel Club
- The United Kennel Club
- Dachshund Club of America
- National Miniature Dachshund Club
A Big Dog In A Small Body – Let’s Talk Temperament
Dachshunds are famous for their very stubborn nature.
As you saw above, the long haired Dachshund is available in two different size varieties. That said, both the standard and the miniature size are still relatively small, so some people are surprised by the big personality on this little purebred.
Long haired Dachshunds by nature are big dogs in little bodies. They are very vocal and can sometimes be snappy, especially with other animals but also sometimes with strangers and handsy children.
The Five Most Common Traits of A Long Haired Dachshund Include:
- A High Prey Drive
- Friendly (When Raised Right)
- And Vocal
Let’s dig a little deeper.
A High Prey Drive Could Mean Behavioral Issues
Speaking of digging, this is one of the Dachshund’s favorite past times. This is a dog who was bred to chase and dig out badgers, so naturally your long haired Dachshund is going to have an instinctual desire to do this.
This could spell disaster for serious gardeners, but if you take protective measures and provide your Doxie with a sand box or dirt pit that’s all his own, you could avoid having to deal with lawn damage.
We should also note that this high prey drive can lead to other issues if your dog is not properly trained and socialized, including aggressive tendencies towards other animals and sometimes even people.
Long Haired Dachshunds Are Friendly When Trained and Socialized Early
Although they can be predisposed to digging and have a high prey drive, when properly trained and socialized early, the long haired Dachshund can make a friendly and affectionate companion to families of all ages.
They can learn to enjoy children when they are raised with them and can get along well with other pets in the home.
However, long haired Dachshunds have been known to be wary of strangers and will need to be trained at an early age to ensure they have good manners when company visits.
Their Stubborn Nature Means They Could Be Difficult To Train
The tiny long haired Dachshund can have a big attitude, especially when it comes to training. He is an intelligent dog who likes to think for himself and may be somewhat overwhelming for novice dog owners who are not prepared.
Doxies Are Fearless and May Not Realize How Small They Are
Well, if you’re going to chase a badger you’d have to be pretty fearless. And fearless is the long haired Dachshunds middle name. This dog has no clue how small he is, which could be problematic if he tries to pick a fight with a much larger animal.
The Long Haired Dachshund Is Vocal And Can Make A Great Guard Dog
If you live in an apartment, you might want to reconsider getting a long haired Dachshund. These guys enjoy using their voices for everything.
While this does make them great guard dogs, it can make for a serious annoyance to neighbors, especially if the walls are thin.
Luckily, you can work with your clever little Doxie on when (and when not) to bark. But to do that, you’ll have to know the tips and tricks of training a long haired Dachshund.
Let’s learn more.
The Long Haired Dachshund Training and Socialization Requirements
When properly trained and socialized, all Dachshunds have the potential to get along well with people and pets.
Training A Long Haired Dachshund
While it is true that the long haired Dachshund can be strong willed and therefore somewhat difficult to train, it’s also true that they are very intelligent, devoted and fun-loving. If you hone into their way of thinking, you can easily capture and hold their attention. All it will take is a bit of patience, time and consistency.
Like most dogs, long haired Dachshunds are big fans of tasty treats. Try using specific training treats when training your Dachshund that are especially smelly and chewy. It also helps if you only break out these treats during special training events when you really want to hold your Doxie’s focus.
Some of our favorite training treats for long haired Dachshunds are Zuke’s Minis, listed below.
Zuke’s Minis Training Treats
We like Zuke’s Minis because they are specifically designed for smaller dogs like the long haired Dachshund. They are also only 3 calories a treat, which is ideal for dogs who are predisposed to back issues and obesity.
Best of all, these treats are super smelly and palatable. Designed for training, you can pull this bag out and shake it in front of your Doxie to let him know it’s time for a session. And if you learn to use these treats in conjunction with praise, they’re likely to take you a long way.
Although the long haired Dachshund can be frustrating to work with at times, try to avoid scolding him. This could lead to him shutting down more quickly and hinder the learning process. Worse, it could harm the bond between the two of you.
If you find your long haired Dachshund is becoming bored during training, simply take some breaks and let him play. It also helps to keep training fun and game like, and keep sessions no longer than five minutes at a time.
Socializing A Long Haired Dachshund
Do not – we repeat – DO NOT skimp on socializing your long haired Dachshund. These dogs are small and cute, especially during puppyhood, and many owners forgo properly socializing these dogs because they assume their tiny pups are harmless.
The truth is that long haired Dachshunds can develop serious behavioral issues if not properly socialized. Ensuring your Doxie is socialized can reduce a plethora of behavioral problems like depression, stress, anxiety, and even fear-based aggressive tendencies.
Socialization also helps increase your Doxie’s confidence and can help him lead a happier, well-rounded life.
To help your long haired Dachshund grow up well-adjusted, begin socialization early on in puppyhood. Get him used to meeting new people and other dogs, and allow him to be gently handled by strangers and children while he is a young puppy.
It’s also important to nip aggressive tendencies in the bud right away. Watch out for early signs of fear or aggression towards strangers or children, and put a stop to resource guarding behaviors by ensuring your pup is used to you (and others) handling his food, toys, treats and favorite lounge spots often.
Tips On exercising Your Long Haired Dachshund
Dachshunds are bred working dogs. This means they need plenty of routine exercise.
The long haired Dachshund is a born working breed, which means he is going to need plenty of routine exercise each and every day. Many well-meaning owners think that just because their Doxie is small, they don’t require as much maintenance.
The truth is, long haired Dachshunds can be prone to serious joint issues and obesity, and these health problems can be compounded if these dogs are not kept active throughout their lives.
Long haired Dachshund dogs can also be more apt to suffer from behavioral issues if their exercise needs are not met every day.
The long haired Dachshund should actually be walked at least twice a day, with each walk being at least 30 minutes or more. Depending on your Doxie’s age and energy level, these walks can be adjusted.
Multitude Dog Harness and Leash Set
Investing in the right walking equipment for a Dachshund can make a huge impact on how your walks go, but it can be difficult to find a harness that fits the long haired Dachshund’s long body.
Luckily, the Muttitude Dog Harness above is built to fit smaller dogs’ bodies and can fit snugly and comfortably on your long haired Dachshund.
This harness is designed to reduce pulling and doesn’t put pressure on your Dachshund’s trachea or throat. However, it does velcro in two spots so be careful of your long haired Dachshund’s wavy locks when you are putting this harness on.
You should also keep in mind that long haired Dachshunds can be prone to serious injury during exercise, especially if that exercise is not conducive to their body type. Refrain from allowing your long haired Dachshund to jump from couches or beds or run up or down stairs.
Dachshunds are also not the strongest swimmers, so don’t allow them to swim without supervision and the proper safety equipment.
Your long haired Dachshund will enjoy some free playtime in a backyard, although remember that this is a dog that likes to dig. Be sure your yard is securely fenced in and that it is reinforced underground to keep your Doxie from digging his way out.
The Long Haired Dachshund And The Importance Of Mental Stimulation
Dachshunds require plenty of mental stimulation in order to stay out of trouble.
We’ve mentioned a few times now that the long haired Dachshund is a working breed, which means he is intelligent and goal oriented. This can also mean that the long haired Dachshund can be prone to troublesome behaviors if left to his own devices without something to do.
Social and curious, long haired Dachshunds can be prone to suffering from separation anxiety and serious boredom. If you’re gone, their anxiety could get the better of them and they could begin chewing, digging and barking. Even if they are not anxious, they could wind up destroying furniture and flooring out of pure boredom.
Keeping your long haired Dachshund mentally stimulated is just as important to his health and happiness (and to the longevity of your couch and rugs) as keeping him properly exercised.
With that said, make sure to give him things to do during the day while you are away. If you have a busy schedule, consider investing in a few puzzle toys that keep your dogs attention for a while.
AWOOF Pet Snuffle Mat
Since long haired Dachshunds love to dig, they’ll surely love this snuffle mat by AWOOF Pet. The mat is designed to look like grass and can open and close. It also hides treats and encourages your dog to dig around inside to find them.
This is a great way to keep your long haired Dachshund distracted and from digging up the backyard, and it can also help keep him mentally sound and engaged. This puzzle toy even helps to decrease stress and anxiety and is built to be used both indoor and out.
Along with puzzle toys, you might also consider a KONG.
Small Classic KONG Toy
The smaller KONG is ideal for the long haired Dachshund as it is easier for their smaller jaws to chew. KONGS are an excellent toy for dogs who are left home during the day and dogs who like to spend time getting to tasty treats.
Fill your long haired Dachshund’s KONG with dog-safe peanut butter or bits of his favorite treats before you leave to keep him busy during the day.
How To Properly Groom A Long Haired Dachshund
Long haired Dachshunds require more routine grooming than their short haired counterparts.
One of the biggest differences between a long haired Dachshund and other Dachshund coat types is the grooming maintenance. Long haired Dachshunds are moderately shedding dogs with a lovely long coat, which is often one of the reasons they are so coveted.
However, grooming can be a bit tedious with these dogs, especially if you want to keep their coats healthy.
Brushing Your Long Haired Dachshund
The long hair Dachshund will need to be brushed at least once a day to reduce potential mats and tangles. They are especially prone to getting mats behind their ears, beneath their arms on their tail and along their belly.
They can also be prone to getting debris tangled in their tail, ears, and paws. A few different brushes can be used to help reduce mats and tangles and to help collect loose hairs.
Some of the best grooming tools for dogs like the long haired Dachshund include a slicker brush, a detangling comb, and a standard dog brush. We also like dual-sided dog brushes with metal teeth on one side and soft bristles on the other.
Tips On Trimming Your Long Haired Dachshund
Along with brushing, the long haired Dachshund is also going to need some routine trims. You have the option of buying your own clippers or you can take your Doxie to a professional groomer.
However, considering that long haired Dachshunds can be wary of strangers, we do recommend you save yourself some money and learn how to quickly trim your dog’s paws, tail and ears yourself.
For this you’ll need some quiet clippers. It’s best to start early with grooming your long haired Dachshund to help them become used to the grooming process and being trimmed. Start by using treats and lots of praise. Introduce your dog to the tools you’re using slowly, and don’t trim him right away until he seems comfortable around the tools.
Long Haired Dachshunds Are Sensitive To Grooming
Dachshunds in general are sensitive dogs and can be skittish around grooming tools, especially if they are not properly introduced to them. Again, the best way to help your long haired Dachshund become accustomed to routine grooming is to begin early on and make sure the experience is as calm and pleasant as possible for him.
If your long haired Dachshund just isn’t having it, consider visiting a groomer who specializes in fearful or sensitive breeds. Or, you can invest in a soft muzzle to help ensure you and your Doxie are safe during the grooming process.
Other Grooming Tips
Along with routine brushing and trims, the long haired Dachshund will require his nails to be clipped regularly to keep them from cracking and splitting. This is also something you can learn to do on your own, and it is relatively easy once you get the hang of it.
This video shows how to trim your dog’s nails safely at home using common clippers found at most local pet supply stores.
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Your long haired Dachshund can also be prone to ear infections, so it’s important to keep his ears clean and free of moisture buildup and debris. And, like all dogs, the long haired Dachshund should have his teeth brushed daily with a dog-safe toothpaste and toothbrush.
When it comes to bathing, the long haired Dachshund does need an occasional wash. However, this is a pretty clean breed overall that doesn’t hold on to dirt and debris. The exception to this is if your dog gets into mud or something else that’s particularly gross.
Otherwise, the long haired Dachshund will do best when bathed only once every month or so. Any more than that and you could strip your dog of the natural oils in his skin, which can lead to skin and coat issues.
It’s also important to use a quality dog shampoo for your long haired Dachshund during bathing. Some of our favorites are all natural shampoos that are designed to moisturize your dog’s skin and fur, like the shampoo listed below.
Honeydew Oatmeal Pet Shampoo
The above shampoo is ideal for dogs like the long haired Dachshund because it is made with natural ingredients and includes colloidal oatmeal to help reduce skin issues and support a moisturized coat.
It also helps reduce pet odor, which can elongate the time needed between washes. This dog shampoo is so gentle, in fact, that it can even be used on puppies.
Health Issues And Lifespan – How To Help Your Long Haired Dachshund Live His Best Life
Because of their unique body shape, Dachshunds can be prone to serious spinal issues.
When it comes to comparing the long haired Dachshund to his other Doxie counterparts, there is no difference with health and lifespan.
All Dachshunds have a lifespan of between 12 and 16 years. They can also be predisposed to a number of genetic health issues as a result of their elongated spine and shorter legs.
Some of the most common health issues long haired Dachshunds can face include:
- Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVVD)
- Dental disease
- Cushing’s Disease
- Heart issues
- Dry eye
- Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE)
- And Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia
Dachshunds are also more prone to injury as a result of certain activities. As we mentioned above, they can be prone to spine and joint issues if they jump on and off of furniture or run up and down the stairs. They are also roughly 10 times more likely to suffer from Intervertebral disc Disease or IVDD.
IVDD can be painful as it gets more severe and is degenerative. This means IVDD worsens as your dog ages. You can help slow or prevent IVDD in your long haired Dachshund by simply keeping up with daily exercise.
In fact, some studies suggest that Doxies who undergo at least an hour or more of exercise each day were at less risk of developing IVDD than Doxies who didn’t exercise routinely.
You can also help prevent IVDD and other joint and bone issues by ensuring your long haired Dachshund is on a quality diet. Remember, these dogs are prone to obesity, and obesity can worsen back problems in the breed.
To ensure your dog is healthy, make sure you choose a quality dog food specified for your long haired Dachsund’s age, weight and activity level.
Stay away from dog foods rich in fillers or by-products, and go with dog foods that contain real meat proteins, fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and carbs.
When choosing which real meat protein would be best for your long haired Dachshund, we recommend choosing a protein like salmon, beef or lamb. Avoid poultry, as poultry has a tendency to exacerbate allergies and skin issues in the long haired Dachshund.
You can also help reduce potential health issues in your dog by getting him from a reputable breeder or shelter.
And with that, let’s talk about picking the healthiest long haired Dachshund puppy or rescue dog.
You And Your Long Haired Dachshund – Starting Off On The Right Paw
Before you get your long haired Dachshund, make sure you do plenty of research to ensure you are going through a reputable source.
Though the long haired Dachshund can make a lovely companion for the right owner or family, the sad truth is that their health issues are relatively serious and can be expensive.
As a Doxie owner, it’s important to prepare for these issues and plan accordingly, making sure that proper preventive measures are taken to reduce potential problems.
However, even if you do everything you’re supposed to, there’s no guarantee that your long haired Dachshund will be healthy. This is especially true if you get your dog from a backyard breeder or unqualified online seller.
If you’re looking for a long haired Dachshund puppy, we recommend going through a breeder who has a history with the Doxie breed and who understands the importance of responsible breeding practices.
Most reputable breeders charge between $200 to $2,000, though this price can vary if you are looking for a long haired Dachshund that is of show quality.
The best breeders will be able to answer any questions you may have and will be able to provide you with certificates proving their dogs have been screened and cleared of any serious issues before they were offered to their new homes.
Of course, you also have the option of rescuing a dog. There are plenty of shelters that specialize in the Dachshund breed, with many of them offering adoptable dogs for $100 or less, however this price can vary depending on the rescue you go through.
So, what do you think about the long haired Dachshund?
Overall, this is a friendly, affectionate, curious and playful breed. However, the breed can have some aggressive tendencies and be impatient with youngsters or wary of strangers if not properly trained and socialized.
If you are ready and able to commit to raising a happy, healthy long haired Dachshund then have at it. These dogs can make absolutely wonderful companions to the right owner.
Jen Jones is a professional dog trainer and behavior specialist with more than 25 years of experience. As the founder of ‘Your Dog Advisor’ and the ‘Canine Connection’ rehabilitation center, she applies a holistic, empathetic approach, aiming to address root causes rather than merely treating symptoms.
Well known for her intuitive and compassionate approach, Jen adopts scientifically-proven, reward-based methods, encouraging positive reinforcement over punishment. Jen specializes in obedience training, behavior modification, and puppy socialization. Her innovative methods, particularly in addressing anxiety and aggression issues, have been widely recognized. Jen has worked with many of the world’s leading dog behaviorists and in her free time volunteers with local animal shelters and rescue groups.